The standard approach to learning a new word is to define it, pronounce it, and then use it in a sentence, but words have many more dimensions.  We remember words by context, by collocation, by sound, by spelling, even by movement (tracing the letters).  I use the following list to remind myself of the many ways students can learn a new word. 

Ways to learn a word: Questions to ask:
define What does it mean?
listen How many syllables does it have? What does it rhyme with?
pronounce Are there any tricky sounds? How does the mouth move when pronouncing the word?
trace How do you draw the letters of the word? Can you write the word with your finger?
spell What are the letters in the word? Does it follow any special spelling rules? 
visualize Close your eyes.  How many letters does the word have?What’s the first letter?  What’s the last letter?
analyze What part of speech is it? Does it have a root word?    

Does it belong to a family of words? 

personalize What does it mean to you? Can you describe someone you know with the word?
associate Where do you hear it: at work, at school, at the doctor’s office? Is the word often used with another word? (For example: save time, save money, save a seat)
categorize How is it different from similar words?  Is it more formal or informal?  Is it used for more for men or women?
generate Write a sentence with it.Use it in a role-play.